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Preserving Phosphogypsum (PG) for Future Use
Gypstacks are engineered features and a heavily regulated method of storing PG. They are closely monitored by local, state, and federal official for compliance with strict standards.
Innovative PG Use Benefits The Environment & Economy
Smaller less visible stack in communities
Beneficial uses will meet stringent safety standards
Reuse and recycling is key to long-term sustainability
Reduced footprint needed for future gypstacks
Other Countries Are Already Benefiting From Safe PG Use
From forestry to road building, soil treatment to agriculture, Phosphogypsum is used in nearly two dozen countries, with 55 beneficial uses already discovered.
Good For The Environment, Economy, & Infrastructure
The EPA has studied phosphogypsum extensively and approved it for productive use. PG use will help the environment, help the economy, and help build American infrastructure.
Q & A
Your questions about gypstacks & PG use - answered.
Over 30 years ago, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) required PG storage in stacks based on very conservative radioactivity risk exposure – science now tells a different story. PG contains NORM, naturally occurring radioactive materials. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), PG is considered a NORM residue – meaning it is a material that remains from a process and contains NORM. During manufacturing, once the phosphate is removed, these materials are more concentrated, but maintain the same low-level of radiation. PG can be further classified as Technologically Enhanced NORM, or TeNORM, because it has been technologically enhanced during the manufacturing process.
IAEA confirms that commercial use of PG has been restricted in the US because of concerns about its NORM content, even though such concerns appear to be without scientific foundation. Outside of the US, countries are already beneficially using their PG and at least 55 different uses have been researched worldwide.
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About The Florida Phosphate Council
The Florida Phosphate Council comprises leaders of the state’s phosphate industry that have come together to educate policy makers and our neighbors about beneficial reuse opportunities for all of the products made during the phosphate manufacturing process.
Learn more about the Florida Phosphate council here.